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The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good Peop...
17,99 € *
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In a disturbing and revelatory exploration of the human capacity for evil, renowned psychologist Zimbardo examines how everyone is susceptible to the power of malevolence. He also offers hope and guidance, elucidating the importance of true heroism and disobedience.The definitive firsthand account of the groundbreaking research of Philip Zimbardo-the basis for the award-winning film The Stanford Prison Experiment Renowned social psychologist and creator of the Stanford Prison Experiment Philip Zimbardo explores the mechanisms that make good people do bad things, how moral people can be seduced into acting immorally, and what this says about the line separating good from evil. The Lucifer Effect explains how-and the myriad reasons why-we are all susceptible to the lure of "the dark side." Drawing on examples from history as well as his own trailblazing research, Zimbardo details how situational forces and group dynamics can work in concert to make monsters out of decent men and women. Here, for the first time and in detail, Zimbardo tells the full story of the Stanford Prison Experiment, the landmark study in which a group of college-student volunteers was randomly divided into "guards" and "inmates" and then placed in a mock prison environment. Within a week the study was abandoned, as ordinary college students were transformed into either brutal, sadistic guards or emotionally broken prisoners. By illuminating the psychological causes behind such disturbing metamorphoses, Zimbardo enables us to better understand a variety of harrowing phenomena, from corporate malfeasance to organized genocide to how once upstanding American soldiers came to abuse and torture Iraqi detainees in Abu Ghraib. He replaces the long-held notion of the "bad apple" with that of the "bad barrel"-the idea that the social setting and the system contaminate the individual, rather than the other way around. This is a book that dares to hold a mirror up to mankind, showing us that we might not be who we think we are. While forcing us to reexamine what we are capable of doing when caught up in the crucible of behavioral dynamics, though, Zimbardo also offers hope. We are capable of resisting evil, he argues, and can even teach ourselves to act heroically. Like Hannah Arendt's Eichmann in Jerusalem and Steven Pinker's The Blank Slate, The Lucifer Effect is a shocking, engrossing study that will change the way we view human behavior. Praise for The Lucifer Effect "The Lucifer Effect will change forever the way you think about why we behave the way we do-and, in particular, about the human potential for evil. This is a disturbing book, but one that has never been more necessary."-Malcolm Gladwell "An important book . . . All politicians and social commentators . . . should read this."-The Times (London) "Powerful . . . an extraordinarily valuable addition to the literature of the psychology of violence or 'evil.'"-The American Prospect "Penetrating . . . Combining a dense but readable and often engrossing exposition of social psychology research with an impassioned moral seriousness, Zimbardo challenges readers to look beyond glib denunciations of evil-doers and ponder our collective responsibility for the world's ills."-Publishers Weekly "A sprawling discussion . . . Zimbardo couples a thorough narrative of the Stanford Prison Experiment with an analysis of the social dynamics of the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq."-Booklist "Zimbardo bottled evil in a laboratory. The lessons he learned show us our dark nature but also fill us with hope if we heed their counsel. The Lucifer Effect reads like a novel."-Anthony Pratkanis, Ph.D., professor emeritus of psychology, University of California

Anbieter: buecher
Stand: 19.02.2020
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Blitzkrieg: The History and Legacy of Nazi Germ...
9,95 € *
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“In this year, 1929, I became convinced that tanks working on their own or in conjunction with infantry could never achieve decisive importance. My historical studies, the exercises carried out in England, and our own experience with mock-ups had persuaded me that the tanks would never be able to produce their full effect until the other weapons on whose support they must inevitably rely were brought up to their standard of speed and of cross-country performance. In such formation of all arms, the tanks must play primary role, the other weapons beings subordinated to the requirements of the armour. It would be wrong to include tanks in infantry divisions; what was needed were armoured divisions which would include all the supporting arms needed to allow the tanks to fight with full effect.” (Heinz Guderian) War has always been a competition between defense and offense. At times these two have been relatively balanced, but at other times, one becomes far more powerful. It is during those times that the greatest military innovations occur.   The tank was first developed by the British and French during World War I as a means to break the deadlock on the Western Front. More so than any previous war, the balance of power lay with the defense, as machine guns, trenches, bunkers, barbed wire, and rapid-firing rifles all made frontal assaults on established positions prohibitively costly. In the closing months of the war, the tank partially evened up that balance, even as the war’s commanders initially proved unsure of how to use them. While it cannot be said that the tank won the war, it contributed to its end and if the fighting had continued another year, the mass production that had started in Allied countries may have proved decisive.   1. Language: English. Narrator: Colin Fluxman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/112720/bk_acx0_112720_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.

Anbieter: Audible
Stand: 19.02.2020
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The Lucifer Effect: Understanding How Good Peop...
9,95 € *
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What makes good people do bad things? How can moral people be seduced to act immorally? Where is the line separating good from evil, and who is in danger of crossing it? Renowned social psychologist Philip Zimbardo has the answers, and in The Lucifer Effect Drawing on examples from history as well as his own trailblazing research, Zimbardo details how situational forces and group dynamics can work in concert to make monsters out of decent men and women. Zimbardo is perhaps best known as the creator of the Stanford Prison Experiment. Here, for the first time and in detail, he tells the full story of this landmark study, in which a group of college-student volunteers was randomly divided into guards and inmates and then placed in a mock prison environment. Within a week, the study was abandoned, as ordinary college students were transformed into either brutal, sadistic guards or emotionally broken prisoners. By illuminating the psychological causes behind such disturbing metamorphoses, Zimbardo enables us to better understand a variety of harrowing phenomena, from corporate malfeasance to organized genocide to how once upstanding American soldiers came to abuse and torture Iraqi detainees in Abu Ghraib. He replaces the long-held notion of the "bad apple" with the "bad barrel" - the idea that the social setting and the system contaminate the individual, rather than the other way around. This is a book that dares to hold a mirror up to mankind, showing us that we might not be who we think we are. While forcing us to reexamine what we are capable of doing when caught up in the crucible of behavioral dynamics, though, Zimbardo also offers hope. We are capable of resisting evil, he argues, and can even teach ourselves to act heroically. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Kevin Foley. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/tant/001931/bk_tant_001931_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.

Anbieter: Audible
Stand: 19.02.2020
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Interactive Briefing Map
59,00 € *
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This book presents a terrain visualization application developed on a responsive workbench system. The application enables stereo viewing of a terrain as if a physical mock up model of it is actually on a real table. Head tracking system allows the user to move around the terrain model. The terrain visualization system has multi-texturing and level of detail capabilities. It also has tools that extracts culture feature data and displays it. Application also has a tool that performs visibility analysis on terrain. A remote controller is used to control system to give user more flexibility. Effect of various stereo visualization parameters like eye separation is analyzed as part of evaluation in system usability. Main goal is to represent a conceptual stereo briefing map that is usable for military or GIS purposes.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 19.02.2020
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VVER-1000 Neutronics
68,00 € *
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The neutron fluence loaded on a reactor pressure vessel is an important physical quantity affecting material degradation. It can be used as an indicator for reliable assessment of pressure vessel integrity and lifetime prolongation beyond designed conditions. This neutron fluence is affected by mixed neutron-photon source from the core periphery as well as by material parameters of the reactor pressure vessel. The monograph discusses the computational procedures of neutron and photon fluxes in the VVER-1000 mock-up internal structures. These results are compared with experimental results achieved at LR-0 reactor. The neutron spectra measurements were performed with a two-parameter stilbene spectrometer. The effect of neutron-photon source used in transport calculations is detaily discussed. The experimental results of pin power density measurement are used for validation of pin power density calculational values. This issue might be interesting not only in reactor dosimetry, but also in the field of fuel management during reactor operation. The estimation of parameter as well as nuclear data uncertainty are discussed.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 19.02.2020
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Effect of psychological stress on human macroph...
24,24 € *
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The present thesis aimed to investigate the effects of psychological stress on the microbicidal potential of human macrophages in order to shed more light on the mechanisms that underlie stress-induced delays in the progress of wound healing. For this purpose, two studies were conducted. In a first study, we implemented an in vitro assay to assess the microbicidal potential of human macrophages. In a second study, we set out to examine the influence of an acute psychological stressor on the microbicidal potential of human macrophages within a wound paradigm.STUDY IQuantitative and qualitative changes in circulating leukocytes are known to be linked to psychological states. However, there is little information regarding comparable results with leukocytes in peripheral tissues, such as associations between the microbicidal potential of macrophages and psychological states. In this study, we implemented an inexpensive, simple-to-use and valid in vitro method for measuring the microbicidal potential of ex vivo isolated human monocyte-derived macrophages (HMDM).The method was implemented and validated using 21 healthy male subjects (M = 35.0 yrs, SEM = 2.32). The assay principle is based on the reduction of 2-(4-Iodophenyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)-5-(2,4-disulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (WST-1) by superoxide anions (O2-.), the first in a series of pathogen-killing reactive oxygen species produced by activated macrophages. First, freshly-isolated human monocytes were chemically stimulated to differentiate into macrophages. Subsequently, the HMDM were activated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate to induce a microbicidal or O2- response.The WST-1 macrophage assay induced O2- responses by HMDM in all of the subjects. Furthermore, the WST-1 reduction scores correlated closely with results obtained by a reference method. The findings suggest that the in vitro method implemented investigates the microbicidal potential of ex vivo isolated HMDM in a simple, cost-efficient and valid manner.STUDY IIAcute psychological stress induces changes in circulating blood leukocytes, but its effect on leukocytes in peripheral tissues is largely unknown. Activated tissue macrophages are important in early phases of wound healing, in particular by killing microbes. We hypothesized that (a) acute psychological stress reduces the microbicidal potential of HMDM, and (b) these reductions are related to stress hormone release.Forty-one healthy men (mean age 35 ± 1 yr) were randomized to either the stress (n = 24) or control group (n = 17). While the stress group underwent the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST, combination of mock job interview and mental arithmetic task), controls did not. Assessing the microbicidal potential, we investigated PMA-activated O2- production by ex vivo isolated HMDM immediately before and after stress, and during recovery up to 60 min after TSST / rest. Moreover, we repeatedly measured plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine levels as well as salivary cortisol.The groups differed significantly in their HMDM microbicidal potential (p =.01) in reaction to stress. Post hoc testing revealed that while HMDM of the control group displayed a significant increase in O2- production over time (p =.02), the cells of the stress group did not (p =.83). Immediately and 10 minutes after stress, O2- production by HMDM was lower in stressed subjects as compared to controls (p’s

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 19.02.2020
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The First Heroes
7,90 CHF *
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The Bronze Age. The era of Troy, of Gilgamesh, of the dawning of human mastery over the earth. For decades, fantasists have set tales of heroism and adventure in imagined worlds based on the real Bronze Age, from the 'Hyborean Age' of the Conan stories to the Third Age of Middle-earth. Now bestselling SF and fantasy author Harry Turtledove, a noted expert on the ancient world, teams up with author and Egyptologist Noreen Doyle to present fourteen new tales of the real Bronze Age from some of the best writers in SF. Here is Gene Wolfe's mock-journal of a man from the future who travels with figures out of history and mythology; Judith Tarr's tale of a a town that sends its resident goddess to try to learn the secrets of the morose God of Chariots; Harry Turtledove's story about mythological beings witnessing the devastating effect of the first humans on the Earth's natural order; and a poignant new story from the late Poul Anderson, in which a modern scholar is sent to the late Bronze Age to witness the end of an era, emerging with memories from the past as vibrant and intact as those from his accustomed life. At the publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management software (DRM) applied.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 19.02.2020
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The First Heroes
6,70 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

The Bronze Age. The era of Troy, of Gilgamesh, of the dawning of human mastery over the earth. For decades, fantasists have set tales of heroism and adventure in imagined worlds based on the real Bronze Age, from the 'Hyborean Age' of the Conan stories to the Third Age of Middle-earth. Now bestselling SF and fantasy author Harry Turtledove, a noted expert on the ancient world, teams up with author and Egyptologist Noreen Doyle to present fourteen new tales of the real Bronze Age from some of the best writers in SF. Here is Gene Wolfe's mock-journal of a man from the future who travels with figures out of history and mythology; Judith Tarr's tale of a a town that sends its resident goddess to try to learn the secrets of the morose God of Chariots; Harry Turtledove's story about mythological beings witnessing the devastating effect of the first humans on the Earth's natural order; and a poignant new story from the late Poul Anderson, in which a modern scholar is sent to the late Bronze Age to witness the end of an era, emerging with memories from the past as vibrant and intact as those from his accustomed life. At the publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management software (DRM) applied.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 19.02.2020
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